Air Traffic Management (ATM) simulation tools (KIM OrVD)


KIM OrVD is a tool to support ATM experts in the following research areas

  • development and evaluation of measures taken to improve the ATM system , including modernization of the airspace structure and change of measures to manage and regulate the air traffic flows  
  • assessment of airspace efficiency and safety  by a set of indicators under different conditions of flight operations
  • assessment of the impact caused by changes in the ATM system, the airspace structure and  flight operations on the effectiveness of the airspace usage


KIM OrVD is consist of various models for data import and preparation, modelling and result analysis





KIM OrVD provides gate-to-gate simulation, including TMA, en-route and airport modelling






Airspace simulation
Airport simulation
  • en-route, SID/STAR, approach and holding zone modelling based on flight plan (real or created for studies)
  • ATC controller operation
  • optimal 4D flight plan synthesis taking into account CCO and CDO concepts
  • conflict detection and resolution
  • air traffic flows merging and sequencing with the use of various techniques (point merge system, trombone shaped routes, vectoring, etc.)
  • optimal arrival/departure sequence computation
  • re-routing as a means of air traffic flow management
  • equipment failures, errors, violations and inaccuracies simulation
  • controlled aircraft movement on the airfield
  • engine start, deicing, runway crossing operations
  • take-off sequencing
  • conflict free runway operations including interdependent runways
  • towing procedures
  • ATC operations simulation
  • conflict detection and resolution
  • optimal routing algorithm


 Capabilities and algorithms



  • optimal 4D route synthesis according to different criteria
  • optimal division of ACC airspace into several ATC sectors (strategic and dynamic optimization)
  • forecast Flow with predicted intensity creation
  • capacity assessment based on ATCc workload or airspace structure
  • 2D and 3D visualization of simulation process
  • different input data sources: ARINC, AIXM, BADA, etc.







 KIM OrVD provides a special tool for various indicators assessment based on simulation results to reach different research goals. All indicators can be divided into several groups
  • potential conflicts
  • risk assessment


  • delays
  • fuel consumption
  • flight/taxi time
  • route length

Access and equity




  • impact of airspace restrictions
  • airspace structure element usage
  • runway operations


  • ATC controller workload
  • airspace and airport capacity
  • impact of airspace sectorization
  • noise
  • emission





Research for Airlines

  • 4D flight plan synthesis according to different criteria (flight time, route length, fuel consumption)
  • Arrival and Departure delays assessment for airport and terminal maneuvering area
  • assessment of new SID/STAR, approach procedures proposed by airlines
  • assessment of the flight operations efficiency 
  • proposals for the airspase strucrure optimization
  • studies on aicraft fleet changes


Research for Civil Aviation Authorities (CAA)

  • analysis of the efficiency of the proposed changes in the airspace structure based on comparative assessment of several alternatives or on the assessment of a single proposed variant
  • forecast studies with on increased air traffic intensity in cases of
    • new concept implementation
    • airspace structure modernization
    • holding a public event causing an increase in the volume of passenger traffic
    • increasing the number of domestic and/or transit traffic
  • assessment of impact of separation minima changes (RVSM) and new procedures implementation (RNAV,RNP) in air traffic safety
  • risk assessment of the air traffic safety in the ATC sector. Investigated factors of danger
    • ground navigation system failure
    • ground surveillance system failure
    • >communication system failure
    • automated air traffic control system failure
    • ATC controller errors
    • aircraft crew errors
  • research into new ATC/ATM technologies and ATM controller's decision support systems (AMAN/DMAN)


Research for Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs)

  • proposals for the optimal division of ACC airspace in order to avoid exceeding sector capacities
  • proposals for reconfiguration of ATC sectors (the dynamic sectorization problem) to increase the efficiency of the ATM system and ensure a more balanced controller's workload
  • ACC and TMA sector capacity estimation
  • ATC controller workload estomation
  • air traffic flow rerouting in response to
    • implementation of airspace restriction
    • temporary decrease/increase of capacity of the airspace elements
    • airspace elements overload
    • increase of the number of potencial conflicts in the current or proposed airspace structure
  • weather conditions impact on flight operations in the upper airspace and in the terminal area


Research for Airports

  • operations effectiveness assessment in support of airfield infrastructure modernization (including runways, taxiways, parking areas)
  • assessment of the new technologies implementation effectiveness
  • poposals for airport operations optimizations
  • airport capacity assessment
  • estimation of delays on the airfield